Ethnicity and identity difference
Author: Dr. Basavadatta Mitra Co Authors: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Anusha Reddy . K Chaitanya Dora . S T.V.K. Chaitanya D. Nitin Varma Rachana Reddy . M
BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, PILANI GOA CAMPUS November 2009
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Abstract Introduction Ethnicity in India Various Ethnic groups of India Incorporate Lifestyle Politics What does the younger generation think? Conclusion Bibliography
Ethnicity is perhaps the area that first comes to mind when there is discussion about issues on communication differences but it is also an area where the arguments are most complex and contentious. In order to overcome this problem in recent years, efforts have been made to bring various lists of world ethnicities closer together. Ethnicity‟ is used to refer to the shared origins, values and traditions of particular groups. Although ethnic identity can have a value for people in certain circumstances, a rigid idea of ethnicity can be used to define people as „other‟ and to overlook diversity within groups and similarities between groups. Cultural attributes Iike distinctive beliefs, practices, religion, Influence of place, class, habits, customs , the ways of thinking and language often form the bases of identity. In some instances, physical attributes pigmentation of the skin or body shape-provide the foundation of ethnic identity and these factors influence the way people identify each other and communicate. The purpose of this study is to investigate cross-ethnic group differences in identity formation patterns and ways to overcome these differences.
Typecasting and stereotyping is often frowned upon and called racial profiling. A person‟s mannerisms can be attributed to his or her upbringing, a brief study of a person‟s background can be made use to help people understand each other easily. Avoiding eye-contact and keeping your head down is a show of respect in Japan but is seen to be the sign of a person who might be lying, in most of the countries. A basic knowledge about this can help avoid misunderstanding between people. Classification and study of people based on their race is not advisable as this would mean too many small but important details are missed out. So we shall study characteristics of ethnic groups. Ethnic group comprises of a set of individuals who identify with each other because of similar social beliefs a person is born into. For the formation of ethnic identity combination of factors-common descent, socially relevant cultural or physical characteristics, and a set of attitude and behaviors is necessary. In this process, common descent may be real or putative (supposed); it is not necessary that there actually be a common racial origin. Cultural attributes like distinctive beliefs; institutions, practices, religion, and language often form the bases of identity. In some instances, physical attributes pigmentation of the skin or body shape-provide the foundation of ethnic identity. To consolidate such an identity the members of an ethnic group must also share ideas, behavior patterns, feelings, and meaning. They should distinguish themselves (we) from others (they). They should also perceive that they share a common destiny. There are two main approaches to the understanding of these new ethnic phenomena. The primordialist approach to ethnic identities and ethnicity considers common descent as the more important factor, for primordial loyalties can be activated more easily than rational principles and organizations founded upon them. The other approach is variously known as situational/subjective/instrumental. Its main emphasis is on the members' perception of being different from others and the implications of this for the groups' present status and predicament and to the understanding of contemporary realty, but they do not offer any final answers. They are often no more than grand exercises...
Bibliography: 1. Rishikeshav regmi Ph.D , Ethnicity and Identity ,2000. 2. Sambhaji - Patil, Vishwas, Mehta Publishing House, Pune, 2006. 3. Roland J. L. Breton. Atlas of the Languages and Ethnic Communities of South Asia. Sage Publications. 4. Josiah Conder, The Modern Traveller: A Popular Description, Geographical, Historical, and ... v. I, India, (1828).
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