NAVAL WAR COLLEGE
Theater Security Decision Making (TSDM)
TSDM Week 19: Midterm Exam.
Chime Benjamin M
LT, SC, USN
A Midterm paper submitted to the Faculty of the Naval War College The concepts/topics to be discussed include; Deterrence and diplomacy, Global Challenges, and Economic Tool of power. The contents of this paper reflect my own personal views and are not necessarily endorsed by the Naval War College or the Department of the Navy.
Transforming America’s defense for the 21st century will require a longstanding commitment from our country and its leaders. Transformation is an endeavor that must be embraced in earnest today. The challenges the Nation faces involve protecting our critical bases of operation, including the most critical base of operation, the US homeland and projecting and sustaining US forces in distant anti-access environments. They entail assuring US information systems and providing persistent surveillance, tracking, and rapid engagement of adversary forces and capabilities. The United States will seize the strategic initiative in all areas of defense activity assuring, dissuading, deterring, and defeating. Our first priority is the defeat of direct threats to the United States. The United States must defeat the most dangerous challenges early and at a safe distance, before they are allowed to mature. The NMS establishes three supporting military concepts to protect the United States against external attacks and aggression; prevent conflict and surprise attack; and prevail against adversaries. The concepts to be discussed include; Deterrence and diplomacy, Global Challenges, and Economic Tool of power. Deterrence & Diplomacy:
A policy of deterrence is no longer adequate to defend the United States against weapons of mass destruction. The major institutions of American national security were designed in a different era to meet different requirements. The threats and enemies have changed and so must our institutions. Cold War Era armies must be transformed to focus more on how an adversary might fight rather than where and when a war might occur. “The goal of deterrence is to prevent aggressive action or WMD use by ensuring that, in the mind of a potential adversary, the risks of the action outweigh the benefits, while taking into account the consequences of inaction” (Bunn, 2007 pg.2). The broad portfolio of military capabilities must include the ability to defend the homeland, conduct information operations, ensure US access to distant theaters, and protect critical US infrastructure and assets in outer space. New approaches to warfare include: strengthening joint operations, exploiting US intelligence advantages, and taking full advantage of science and technology. In the Cold War Era, weapons of mass destruction were considered weapons of last resort whose use risked the destruction of those who used them. Today, our enemies see weapons of mass destruction as weapons of choice. For rogue states these weapons are tools of intimidation and military aggression against their neighbors. These weapons may also allow these states to attempt to blackmail the US and our allies to prevent us from deterring or repelling the aggressive behavior of rogue states. Such states also see these weapons as their best means of overcoming the conventional superiority of the US. Traditional concepts of deterrence will not work against a terrorist enemy whose avowed tactics are wanton destruction and the targeting of innocents. Diplomacy: The Military must take the lead in managing our bilateral relationships with other governments. Its people and institutions must be able to interact equally skillfully with nongovernmental organizations and international institutions. “Military diplomacy brings all instruments of power to bear to develop relationships and form partnerships” (Reveron, 2008, pg. 46). For example, The US probably will continue...
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