THE EFFECT OF THE 4PS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED PUPILS OF CRISTINA R. PRINCESA MEMORIAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, LIGAO CITY DIVISION - A Collaborative Action Research - (Chapters 1-4)

Topics: Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, Bicol Region, Correlation and dependence Pages: 34 (5189 words) Published: April 13, 2015
UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM

Introduction
Education is one of the most important sectors that contribute to the progress of a country. It is a basic need of every citizen of a country and a very essential tool in an individual‘s success. The Philippines, as a state, includes education as a fundamental right of every individual. Therefore, the government must do everything in their power to give to its citizens the quality education that is due to them.

The effectiveness of the educational system is being reflected by the academic performance of the students. The higher the academic performance of the students, the more effective the educational system is. This also affects the reputation of everyone within the spectrum of the Department of Education, the main governing body regulating the education sector of the Republic of the Philippines, namely the administrators and the teachers. The support of the stakeholders also has a direct relationship to the academic performance of the students. The higher the academic performance, the more likely the LGU (Local

1

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

Government Unit), the community, and the parents will show their cooperation and give their support.
There are lots of factors that affect the academic performance of students. Globally, many studies have been conducted to deduce the effects that these factors have on student performance. These studies mainly operate with the objective of improving the standard and quality of education. These factors include, but not limited to, the following: the available learning facilities, teacher factor, guidance and support available, family stress and influence and socioeconomic status.

Many educators have observed that in the Philippine setting, however, the major factor that affects the academic performance fall under the socioeconomic status of the student and his or her family. Being categorized as a third world country, it is by far no wonder that poverty is a major problem. Poverty branches out to several other problems like high incidence of absenteeism, poor nutrition leading to poor physical and mental health, high drop-out rate, and, of course, poor academic performance.

The Philippine government under the Aquino administration
managed to devise a way on how to minimize the number of families within and below the poverty line. The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino 2

UNIVERSITY OF SAINT ANTHONY
(Dr. Santiago G. Ortega Memorial)
City of Iriga
SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH

Program (4Ps) is an adaptation of the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) schemes of the Latin American and African countries, which has helped millions of people around the world get out of the poverty line. This is a program designed for the poorest of the poor in order to facilitate the improvement of health, nutrition, and educational status of children within 0-18 age bracket.

According to the website of the Official Gazette of the Government of the Philippines, the 4Ps also helps the Philippine Government fulfill its commitment to the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) – specifically in eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, in achieving universal primary education, in promoting gender equality, in reducing child mortality and in improving maternal health care.

Since the 4Ps aims to help in facilitating the improvement of the socioeconomic status of the poorest of the poor families and ensuring that their children can avail public education both in primary and secondary, the researchers deemed it prudent to analyze the result or the effect of the said program on the academic performance of the students. The result of this study is beneficial in determining the success rate of the said program in relation to the attainment of one of its...

References: ―MCCT Frequently Asked Questions.‖ Pantawid.dswd.gov.ph. Pantawid
Pamilyang Pilipino Program., February 13, 2015., Web
Web. 12 March. 2015.
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