Assess the reasons for the victory of the Bolsheviks
(red army) in the Russian civil war.
The Russian Civil War went for the duration of three years, and took place between 1918 and 1921. The Russian Civil War occurred after November 19 when many groups had formed that opposed Lenin’s Bolsheviks. These groups were known as monarchists, militarists, and foreign nations. They were known as the whites, and the Bolsheviks were known as the reds. The fact that the reds were led by both Trotsky and Lenin, who combined had great social, political and military skills, had a direct result on the on the outcome of the war. It was Lenin’s political skills that enabled the Bolsheviks to be a successful and popular political power and, as a result, help win the Russian Civil War. It was Lenin’s promises’ of “Peace, Bread, Land” and “All power to the Soviets” that enabled the Bolsheviks to gain the support of the working-class people. These popular ideas united all the diverse revolutionary movements and directed them towards a common goal – the end to imperialism and the creation of a socialist based society. The peasants support for the Bolsheviks was not only a result of Lenin’s political savoir faire but also a result of the Whites political and social incompetence. The Whites treated the peasant class harshly; they did not see the advantage of gaining the support of the lower class. Their acceptance of allied support, allowed the Bolsheviks to portray themselves as patriotic, fighting for the rights and desires of society. The Red Army was fighting with a new sense of patriotism, and support for the Bolsheviks’ increased. Peasant support for the Bolshevik regime was a valuable and essential factor in their success for the Bolshevik regime in the Russian Civil War. The support of the peasants meant that the Bolsheviks had a constant supply of eager soldiers wanting to fight for the socialist cause. Lenin introduced clever political policies to not only gain support...
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