Psych Unit 4 Ip

Topics: Memory, Sensory system, Hippocampus Pages: 2 (645 words) Published: April 27, 2013
The memory process entails several steps and sub-steps to retain a memory. Whether it is a short -term memory or a long-term memory there is a process for it. The main process of memory consists of three steps, encoding, storing, and recalling information. Each step has a process in which they are used to form and store memories.

Memory Process
Memory is a person’s ability to form, store, retain, and retrieve information. The process of memory consists of three steps, which are encoding, storing, and retrieving. Among those steps there are stages of memory known as sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Of the three steps in the memory process, encoding is the most critical of them all. Encoding

Encoding is the process used to transform information so it can be stored (AllPsych, 2011). Also the stored information can be recalled from either the short-term or long-term memory. In encoding the memory starts with a memorable experience, such as buying a house, which will cause neurons to move more, making it more likely for the memory to be encoded. There are four main types of encoding: acoustic, visual, tactile, and semantic. Acoustic encoding processes sounds and words for storage and retrieval. It is also believed that short-term memory relies on this form of encoding. Visual encoding processes images and other visual sensory information, as well as using input from other systems in the body. Tactile encoding is how feelings are processed, usually through the sense of touch. Lastly, semantic encoding is processing sensory information that has a specific meaning. Long-term encoding is dependent on semantic encoding. Storage

The storage process of memory is the retaining the information to make it a memory. This process takes place after a potential memory has been encoded. Most of the time the memory is laying dormant in the brain until it is ready to be retrieved. Memories are not stored in our...
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