Islamiat Assignment

Topics: Hadith, Six major Hadith collections, Science of hadith Pages: 5 (1790 words) Published: April 13, 2015
Islamiat Assignment
Introduction:
“All- Sihah-al-Sittah”, which is generally translated as "The Authentic Six". They were first formally grouped and defined by Ibn al-Qaisarani in the 11th century.   We Muslims view the six major Ahadith collections as the most important. They are in order of authenticity: 1. Sahih al Bukhari, collected by Imam Bukhari includes 7275 Ahadith 2. Sahih Muslim, collected by Muslim b. al-Hajjaj includes 9200 Ahadith 3. Sunan Nasa’i, collected by an-Nasa'i

4. Sunan Abu Dawood, collected by Abu Dawood
5. Jami at-Tirmidhi, collected by al-Tirmizi
6. Sunan ibn Majah, collected by Ibn Majah
 
And there are many other books of Hadiths like Musnad Ahmad, Muwatta Malik, Sahih Al Jami, Mustadrak al Hakim, Ibn Hibban, Mishkat,  Musnad Abi Dawud Tayalisi, Muajjam at Tabrini kabeer, Muajjam  e tabrani Ausad, Maujam e Tabrani Saghreer Musnaf Abdur Razzaq, Sunan Darmi, Darqutni, Shubul Eeman Baihaiqi, As Sunan Al-Kubra, Ibn Khuzaima, Targheeb wal Tahreeb etc  

The first two, commonly referred to as the Two Sahihs (Sahiain) as an indication of their authenticity, contain approximately seven thousand ahadith altogether if repetitions are not counted, according to Ibn Hajar(May Allah have mercy on Him) 

Sahih Al-Bukhari:
About
Bukhari, commonly referred to as Imam al-Bukhari or Imam Bukhari, was a Persian Islamic scholar who authored the Hadith collection known as Sahih al-Bukhari, regarded by Sunni Muslims as one of the most sahih (authentic) of all Hadith compilations. He also wrote the books Al-Adab al-Mufrad. Birth

Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari al-Ju`fi was born after the Jumu'ah prayer on Friday, 13 Shawwal 194 AH (19 July 810) in the city of Bukhara in Khorasan (in present-day Uzbekistan). His father, Ismail ibn Ibrahim, a scholar of Hadith, was a student and associate of Malik ibn Anas. Some Iraqi scholars related Hadith narrations from him. Bukhari was the follower of the Hanbali school of thought within Islamic jurisprudence, [11] although members of both the Hanbali and Shafi'i schools levy this claim as well.[12] However, Al-Dhahabi mentioned that Imam Bukhari was a mujtahid, a scholar capable of making his own Ijtihad without following any Islamic school of jurisprudence in particular. Lineage

Bukhari's great-grandfather, al-Mughira, settled in Bukhara after accepting Islam at the hands of Bukhara's governor, Yaman al-Ju`fi. As was the custom, he became a mawla of Yaman, and his family continued to carry the nisbah of "al-Ju`fi". Al-Mughira's father, Bardizbah, is the earliest known ancestor of Bukhari according to most scholars and historians. He was a Magi (Zoroastrian and died as such. As-Subki is the only scholar to name Bardizbah's father, who he says was named Bazzabah. Little is known of either Bardizbah or Bazzabah, except that they were Persian and followed the religion of their people. Historians have also not come across any information on Bukhari's grandfather, Ibrahim ibn al-Mughira. Hadith studies and travels

The historian al-Dhahabi described his early academic life:
He began studying Hadith in the year 205 (A.H.). He memorized the works of [‘Abdullah] ibn al-Mubarak while still a child. He was raised by his mother because his father died when he was an infant. He traveled with his mother and brother in the year 210 after having heard the narrations of his region. He began authoring books and narrating Hadith whilst still an adolescent. He said, “When I turned eighteen years old, I began writing about the Companions and the Followers and their statements. This was during the time of ‘Ubaid Allah ibn Musa (one of his teachers). At that time I also authored a book of history at the grave of the Prophet at night during a full moon.[8] At age of sixteen, he, together with his brother and widowed mother, made the pilgrimage to Mecca. From there he made a series of travels in order to increase his knowledge of Hadith. He went through all the important centers of...
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