hypertension and diabetes

Topics: Hypertension, Obesity, Diabetes mellitus Pages: 3 (855 words) Published: April 4, 2014

Ashlee Shields
Unit 1 Assignment 1: Homeostasis Imbalances
GE 258
ITT Technical Institute-Youngstown
March 22, 2014
April 5, 2014

Explaining hypertension to a 63 year old male that has only completed the eighth grade you want to make sure that you can make it so that he understands what is wrong with him and how to handle it. So instead of tell him that hypertension “is a condition that increases the risk for heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, coronary heart disease, and other serious health problems” (Krucik, 2013) and leave it at that, you will need to go more in depth with the explanation for him. As the nurse we need to make sure that he knows about every side effect because we do not know what effect he could get. Be sure to tell the patient what blood pressure is. Blood pressure is the force of which the blood pushes against the inside of the arteries then when your heart pumps harder the smaller the blood vessels and the higher the blood pressure goes (Krucik, 2013). Make sure he knows how to measure his blood pressure on his own, let him know that a healthy blood pressure is 150/90. Make sure the patient knows that he is going to need to change his lifestyles. This could include any of the following; losing weight, quit smoking, eating healthy, reducing sodium, regular exercise, and limit alcohol intake (Web MD, 2014). It is always a good thing to give the patient some statistics for instance I found some from Web MD it states that the averages of strokes are between 35%-40%, heart attack 20%-25%, and for heart failure it is more than 50% (Web MD, 2014). For people that are diagnosed with hypertension, they should be following up with their doctors at least once a month to make sure that everything is staying on track and nothing is getting worse. Before you send the patient home make sure that they know when to check their blood pressure and when to take their medicine (if they are taking any)....

Citations: Krucik, G. (2013, November 06). What do you know about high blood pressure. Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/high-blood-pressure-hypertension
WEB MD. (2014). Hypertension/high blood pressure health center. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/hypertension- treatment-overview
Web MD. (2014). Diabetes health center. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/understanding-diabetes-symptoms
Homeostasis and regulation in the human body. (2013, March 07). Retrieved from http://opencurriculum.org/articles/biology/?q=homeostasis-and-regulation-in-the-human- body
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