Chapter 3 Questions00 Psy

Topics: Psychology, Psychiatry, Mental health Pages: 7 (1192 words) Published: April 13, 2015


The approach suggesting that psychological disorders are illnesses that have underlying biological causes is called the:medical model

_____ is a condition marked by dramatic mood swings.
Bipolar disorder

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders uses a checklist of observable signs and symptoms, but this tends to limit clinicians’:

understanding of their patients.

Some theories propose that _____ such as learning or childhood experiences might lay the foundation for psychological disorders.

MC : _____, like poverty and community support systems, can play a role in the development and course of psychological disorders.

social factors

The degree to which a behavior interferes with daily life and relationships refers to its: dysfunction.

A _____ classification system for mental disorders measures what it intends to measure. valid

Ursula feels compel to hurt herself. Ursula's self harm can be best described as a maladaptive behavior.

With the _____ people often predict the probability of something happening in the future based on how easily we can recall a similar type of event from the past.

availability heuristic

Most mental health professionals in North America use the _____, which is an evidenced-based classification system of mental disorders.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

chapter 8

_____ rapidly sprout new connections among each other, a dramatic phase of synaptic growth that is influenced by the infant's experiences and stimulation from the environment.

neurons

One significant milestone of the sensorimotor stage is _____, or an infant's realization that objects and people still exist when they are out of sight or touch.

object permanence

According to Erikson, the psychosocial stage from the twenties to forties is called _____, which is time when most adults are creating meaningful, deep relationships.

intimacy vs isolation.

The _____ reflex occurs when a newborn infant's cheek is stroked, as she turns her head in the direction of the touch.

rooting

Children in the _____ stage can be less egocentric and can understand the concept of conservation; however their logical thinking is limited to concrete concepts. concrete operational

____ proposed that cognitive development occurs in four periods or stages, and these stages have distinct beginnings and endings.

piaget

chapter 14

The _____ implies that disorders have biological causes.

medical model

The treatment approach in which a client works with a mental health professional to reduce psychological symptoms and improve quality of life is called:

psychotherapy

_____ can have an impact on the course of some psychological disorders.

stressors

Studying _____ is difficult because its methodology has not been operationalized and its use varies from one therapist to the next.

humanstic therapy

Approximately how many inmates in American jails and prisons in 2007 had at least one psychological disorder?

2.7m

_____ evaluates the success of therapies.

outcome research

Your therapist tells you that her role in your therapy is to help you achieve personal growth. Your therapist is a:

positive psychologist

Dr. Astrid is a psychoanalyst. She tells her clients that her main goal is to:

Uncover unconscious conflicts.

The type of psychotherapy aimed at increasing awareness of the self and the environment is called:

insight therapy

Sean has a psychological disorder that increases his risk to himself and others. Sean most likely experiences:

psychotic episodes.

chapter 15

With the _____ to persuasion, people pay attention to factors outside the message content, such as the credibility or appearance of the individual who relays the message.

peripheral route

People from _____ cultures are less likely to conform than those from collectivist cultures. individualist...
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